Fissures Hermetization - Goodbye Caries

09 November 2023

It is impossible to look beautiful without having a healthy, attractive smile. The function of healthy teeth is not limited with only chewing and food digestion. A symmetrical row of teeth and a healthy oral cavity help us pronounce sounds correctly and even maintain the symmetry of facial features. In order for a person to maintain healthy teeth for as long as possible, it is necessary to take care not only of the treatment of carious diseases, but also of their prevention. To prevent caries, sealing fissures is one of the most effective dental methods.

What Are Dental Fissures?

Due to the anatomical characteristics of the surface of human teeth, it is almost impossible to completely clean them with a brush or an irrigator and get rid of the bacterial coating one hundred percent. Even after brushing and flossing, only 88 percent of the tooth surface can be cleaned. The most difficult teeth to care for and clean are the back chewing teeth - the same as molars. The anatomical structure of the chewing surface of the molars (that is, the upper part of the crown of the tooth) is wavy. The walls of the tooth are relatively convex, and in the middle part there are grooves, which are called fissures in medical language. Fissures are narrow and quite deep, which makes it difficult to clean them with a brush or oral irrigator. The entry of microscopic parts of food waste into these grooves and their subsequent rotting, directly leads to the multiplication of bacteria, which is one of the main factors leading to the decay of tooth enamel and the development of caries.

What Do We Mean When We Talk About Sealing Dental Fissures?

Filling the grooves on the surface of the tooth prevents food residues from entering them, and therefore - is one of the simplest and most effective means of caries prevention, both for adults and for teenagers and children. Moreover, the sooner the fissures are sealed in the patient's mouth, the longer he will have caries-free, healthy teeth. Fissures caries, in the first stage, develops within 1-2 years after tooth extraction. The first permanent molars erupt in a child at the age of 6-8 years, and the second, permanent molars at the age of 12-14 years, therefore sealing fissures at the age of 12-14 years is more effective. When the teeth are still free from caries and the probability of "keeping them healthy" is highest.

How Are Dental Fissures Sealed?

A special dental agent is used to seal the fissures of the tooth - a liquid substance with a synthetic composition - a sealant, which is poured into the treated area of the tooth groove and then hardens. Before sealing the fissures, the dentist cleans the surface of the tooth with a special brush. Sealant can only be used on a clean and dry surface. After the sealant penetrates the groove and fills it, dentists use a special medical lamp to harden the sealant. It is important that the already dried and hardened sealant should not prevent the patient from chewing or performing other functions of the oral appliance. That is why, after sealing the sealant, with special colored paper, the professional dentist should check the shape of the tooth surface and, if necessary, correct it according to the patient's wishes. Research conducted in advanced European medical universities has revealed how effective sealant treatment can be in the process of caries prevention. Studies have clearly shown that the results of using sealants are impressive: after the use of sealants, tooth protection in the first years is almost 80 percent. After 5 years - 70 percent, and after 10 years - 30 percent. With proper treatment, the probability of developing caries in the oral cavity is reduced by 70-80 percent.

The team of "Blits Dental - Kakhaber Kharebava Clinic" recommends that you start taking care of your and your children's oral cavity on time, choose an experienced specialist who will help you get the desired result quickly and painlessly and prevent the development of caries. In our clinic (Tbilisi, Vera, Kuchishvili st. 11), you will find a calm, comfortable environment adapted to your needs and a team of professionals who will help you solve all problems related to the oral cavity. At the same time, at "Blits Dental - Kakhaber Kharebava Clinic" patients have the opportunity to use a convenient payment schedule and use bank installments. 

To get detailed information about the terms of dental installments, sign up for a consultation or contact us at: (+995) 322 22 15 16